Energy Education Park
A State Level Energy Education Park (SEEP), spreading over a hexagonal grid pattern area measuring 9000 sq.m is being developed at the Gujarat Science City. Gujarat Science City has received a financial assistance from the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources (MNES) and the work has been executed in association with Gujarat Energy Development Agency (GEDA).
The Energy Park exhibits are classified according to five basic elements (Panchbhuta) as propounded in ancient Indian Philosophy. These elements are (i) Tej (Energy from the Sun), (ii) Marut (Energy from the Wind), (iii) Ap (Energy from the Water), (iv) Kshiti (Energy from the Earth) and (v) Byom (Exploration of space).
The civil and land scaping work is almost in completion stage. Exhibits on wind energy, solar energy, petroleum rigs, Sardar Sarovar Dam etc. have been installed and some are in progress.
Energy Plantation work has just started over an area of 2 hectare land.
Two number of Battery Operated Passenger Vehicle has been ordered from BHEL, one delivered and other one in pipeline.
Along with sun, it was the air, which showed man its power. Even before the solar energy, it was the wind energy that man used for his work. Initially, it was used in two main ways; to drive wind mills on land and to drive sailing vessels at sea. The first use of windmills were to grind foods grains and to run pumps to irrigate. Now with the advancement of science and technology, we have windmills generating electricity. Naturally, now this energy can be used for many more works.
This is a typical structure of a rig used for drilling oil and well on land. It is only after drilling a well it is found whether there is oil or gas or both or nothing. Despite all scientific advancement finding oil and gas from a well is not always certain.
The most popular method of drilling an oil well is called "Rotary drilling method."
In this method whole is drilled quicky and greater depths are reached faster.
Hot water springs are the best examples of the Geo thermal energy. Many of us have direct experience of this energy from beneath the surface of the earth. The earth’s centre is 6400 Kms deep. How hot is this region ? Our best guess is 4000 degree C. Heat is constantly flowing from earth’s interior to surface. The steam energy from under the surface of earth provides over 44 billion kilo watt hour of electricity world wide per year.
To produce electric power from geo thermal resources, under ground reservoirs of steam Or hot water are tapped by wells and the steam rotates turbines that generate electricity in India, the geological survey of India has already identified more than 350 hot springs sites which can be explored as areas to top geo thermal energy.
This interactive model shows the use of geo thermal energy.
Tides and ebbs can run turbines to generate electricity . But for this there should be a minimum difference of 15 feet between high tide and low tide or ebb. The water high tide Turns wheels of turbine while going and receding water of low tide also turn the wheels. This movement generates electricity. In a little more than 24 hours we have four Tides and ebbs.
However, there are only 40 sites on the earth with tidal ranges of this magnitude. This model shows the use of tidal energy to generate electricity. France’s La Rance station is the only industrial-sized tidal power station in the world which produces 240 MW of power.
Generally people think that though solar energy is cheap it has limited use and it is not convenient to use. However, recent advances in technology have made use of solar energy easy and cheap. In both forms, thermal and electrical form. Here, in this solar Hut, right from kitchen tap to T. V. and refrigerator all are run on solar energy. Series of batteries store electrical energy generated by panel of PV cells at the roof top.
This electrical energy is fed into inverter for use to run T.V. refrigerator , fans and so on.
You can also cook your food through solar cooker.
Solar water heating system , solar still kept out side take care of need for water in the house. While solar lantern provides emergency light. Do not worry, solar energy has no transmission problem.
Here the rotating blades of the windmill generate electricity through the rotary motion of the generator. This generator is fitted at the top of the mill near the blades. The electricity passes to the control house. Here in this model, series of electric bulbs glow whenever there is windmill generated electricity. An array of such windmills is a windfarm, which produces electricity in large quantity.This electricity can be taken to considerable distances.
Crude oil or the black gold is not just a fuel which we use as Diesel, Petrol, or Kerosene.
The crude oil, greenish-black sticky liquid, is refined in refinary. Besides fuels we get number of other products which make our world more versatile. This is because petroleum is also a raw material for over half a million organic chemicals. They are known as petrochemicals. In this petro house everything is made of petrochemicals.
Can you imagine the world without the peroproducts?